Geographically, the Russian North includes Karelia, Kola Peninsula, part of Arkhangelsk and Vologda regions and Belozerja from the White Sea coast to the Sheksna, Mologa and the Northern Dvina. This is a land of amazing nature, ancient towns, pantry traditional way of life, the original dialects, inimitable gastronomy, the unique historical and cultural monuments.
Marble Quarry Ruskeala
Former marble quarry in Sortavala region of Karelia is the main object of the mountain park “Ruskeala.” It was developed from Catherine II. From the local stone built the most beautiful buildings of St. Petersburg and its suburbs palace. Quarry stretches for 460 meters in length and 100 in width, depth – 50 meters. The walls of the quarry are penetrated by a complex system of tunnels and drifts several kilometers long. Today, they are mostly flooded.
Solovetsky Islands are an archipelago in the White Sea at the entrance to Onega Bay. It consists of six large and more than a hundred small islands. Inhabited since the III millennium BC The islands remained somewhat primitive sites and mysterious stone mazes. The main attraction of the archipelago – Solovki Stauropegial Monastery, founded in 1436. The monastery is located on the Big Solovetsky Island. It includes the Transfiguration Cathedral, the monastery fortress monasteries and some other buildings. In Soviet times there was a camp of special designation. Monastic life is revived in 1990. Solovki historical and cultural complex is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Hibiny is the largest mountain range in the Kola Peninsula, age about 350 million years. The highest point – Mount Yudychvumchorr height of about 1200 meters above sea level. Hibiny incredibly popular with climbers and skiers.
Karelia is famous for its pristine nature and extremely picturesque landscape, shaped by the glacier. So here is a great honor to ecological and active tourism. The season lasts all year round, and travel experience are for life.
The first mention of this city on the River Onega in Arkhangelsk region relate to 1380. The Kargopol and the surrounding area, numerous monuments of history and architecture of XVI-XIX centuries. Among them Christ Cathedral, Church of the Annunciation, a merchant’s house Veshnyakov ring embankments, parking the end I millennium BC and much more.
Kizhi and Kizhi Pogost are the world-famous historical and architectural ensemble, declared a UNESCO heritage site. It is located on the same island in Lake Onega. It includes the Church of the Transfiguration (1714), Church of the Intercession of the Virgin (1764), belfry (1863), and the fence graveyard (reconstructed in 1959).
The city on the lower reaches of the Northern Dvina. It mentioned since the beginning of the XII century as a location of the distant churchyard Novgorod. In the XIV-XVIII centuries are built fortifications, built churches and monasteries, and the city is transformed into a major commercial and administrative center. The original school was famous Russian icon painting and special crafts – Kholmogory carved bone. Not far from Kholmogory was born Mikhail Lomonosov.
The village is on the shore of the Kola Peninsula, Murmansk at the mouth of the river of the same name. It is known from the XVI century as a fishermen encampment. In Soviet times, it was the capital of Arctic fish. This “end of the earth.” The only place in Russia where you can reach by road to see the opening of the Barents Sea and the Arctic Ocean. Due to the constant winds of the village is known as a center of kite surfing. Teriberka became famous thanks to the film “Leviathan” by Andrei Zvyagintsev. Now, about this village of the whole world knows. After the release of pictures of tourists here has grown significantly.
The largest freshwater lake in Europe, located in Karelia. Since the early Middle Ages known as a part of the famous commercial and military route “from the Vikings to the Greeks”, which connected the Baltic countries and the Mediterranean. Famous for spectacular beaches, skerries and beaches. A popular holiday destination among those who enjoy water leisure activities.
One of the oldest cities in the Russian North. Located in the east of the Vologda region. Founded in the XII century at the confluence Sukhona and Yugi. The most important center of power in the Russian sovereigns Chudskoy ground. In the city there are many churches XVII-XVIII centuries, and civil buildings of a later period. Today, the Great Ustyug – a popular center for family tourism. Since 1999, it declared the birthplace of Santa Claus.
The world’s largest city and port located above the Arctic Circle. Founded in 1915 on the eastern shore of the Kola Bay. The city has an oceanarium, and the most northerly in the world.
Island in the northern part of Lake Ladoga, a length of about 10, and a width of not more than 8 kilometers. Included in the Valaam archipelago. Famous for the incredible northern nature and unique monument of Russian architecture – Valaam monastery (XIV century), surrounded by numerous hermitages. Monastic life was resumed in 1989. Today the monastery reviving ancient znamenny chant with characteristic Valaam chant. Also, the archipelago fragments of defensive Mannerheim Line. Valaam is one of the most popular tourist destinations.
This is an inland sea in the north of European Russia. At various times, it was called jelly, Solovki, calm and North. Due to the characteristic curved coastline is also known as the Gulf of snakes. The sea was aware of Novgorod, at least, from the XI century. In the Middle Ages played a big role in the international trade of Russia. Until the XVIII century it ran through most of the trading routes to Europe.
City in the east of the Leningrad Region. Founded in the second half of the XIV century. In the XVI-XIX centuries was a major trade and craft center. Among the main attractions are the Assumption Monastery (1560), Vvedensky Nunnery (the middle of the XVI century), the historic wooden buildings of the XVIII century, as well as fragments of wooden sluices so-called Tikhvin water system through which local merchants could get to the famous Nizhny Novgorod Fair. The old town still retains the unique charm of the Russian provinces. Near – natural park “Vepsian forest”, specially protected natural and cultural area, the center of the revival of the Vepsian culture and eco-tourism.
The city at the mouth of the Northern Dvina. It was founded by Ivan the Terrible in 1584 near the monastery of Archangel Michael. A major port, the center of foreign trade and shipbuilding in Russia XVII-XVIII centuries. Outpost Arctic exploration. Today is also considered the cultural and historical capital of Pomerania, and the local Regional Museum, founded in 1859, has a unique collection of artefacts. The city survived Gostiny Dvor the XVII century, and the courtyard of the Solovetsky Monastery XVIII-XIX centuries.
Sea port beyond the Arctic Circle. Located on the eastern shore of ice-free Kola Bay of the Barents Sea. Founded at the end of the XIX century as a settlement of hunters and fishermen. Today it is the largest naval base of Russia’s Northern Fleet.
Like most of the Karelian lakes it has a glacial origin. Connected by numerous rivers and streams with a network of other lakes. Exceptionally rich in fish. A favorite destination for those traveling by canoe. On the banks of Syamozero equipped camping, camps, homes and recreation.
This is one of the most exciting and spectacular natural phenomena. The glow in the upper atmosphere occurs in the interaction of the magnetic field of the planet with the charged particles of the solar wind.
Link to full article: http://lenta.ru/photo/2015/09/26/sever/#0